Anxiety: Information, Signs, symptoms, types & treatment

Everyone has a feeling of anxiety at some point in their lives, whether it is about preparing for a job interview, the possibility of meeting a partner’s family for the first time, or the possibility of parenthood. When we associate stress with changes in our mental state, perhaps experienced as anxiety or apprehension, and physical symptoms such as heart rate and adrenaline, we also understand that it only temporarily gives us Is likely to affect until the source of our concern has passed. We have learned to face it. Stress, therefore, is a category of emotions that does a positive function of alerting us to the things we may need to worry about: things that are potentially harmful. More importantly, these feelings help us to evaluate potential threats and respond appropriately, perhaps by sharpening our reflexes or focusing our attention.

We all experience anxiety; It is a natural human condition and an important part of our life. Anxiety helps us identify and react to danger in ‘fight or flight’ mode. This can motivate us to meet tough challenges. The ‘right’ amount of anxiety can help us perform better and encourage action and creativity.

When you are anxious, what happens to your body?

Anxiety can create many sensations in your body as it develops for danger. These sensations are called “alarm responses”, which occur when the body’s natural alarm system (the “fight-flight-freeze” response) is activated.

  1. Rapid heartbeat and rapid breathing;
  2. Rapid heartbeat and rapid breathing;
  3. Sweating;
  4. Nausea and stomach upset;
  5. Dizziness or lightheaded;
  6. Tight or painful chest;
  7. Numbness and tingling sensations;
  8. A false (Unreality) or bright vision;
  9. Heavy legs;
  10. Suffocating sensations;
  11. Hot and cold flashes.


Our body’s flight-flight-freeze response can be activated when there is a real threat, such as the arrival of a black bear while hiking in the forest. In this case, you can flee (eg, running away from the bear), freeze (eg, hold steady until the bear passes), or fight (eg, waving and waving your arms to look big and scary). But this reaction can also occur when something looks dangerous but does not actually occur, such as being interviewed for a job. For example, you may feel jealous, sideways, or uncomfortable. You can fight people (fight) or have a hard time thinking clearly (freeze). These feelings may be enough to make you want to avoid doing an interview (flight). Many people stop doing or going for things that make them feel anxious.

How does anxiety work?

Anxiety not only affects your body but also affects your thoughts and behaviors. Therefore, anxiety has three parts:physical symptoms (how our body reacts), thoughts (what we say to ourselves), and behavior (what we do, or our actions). Learning to recognize these signs of anxiety can help you become less afraid of it.

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How to Identify anxiety disorders?

Identify psychological symptoms:-
frequent or excessive worry, poor concentration, specific fears or phobias e.g. fear of dying or fear of losing control.
Identify physical symptoms:-
Fatigue, irritability, sleepiness, general discomfort, muscle tension, stomach upset, sweating and difficulty in breathing.
Identify behavior change:-
Includes procrastination, avoidance, difficulty making decisions, and social withdrawal.

What are the symptoms?

While there are many types of anxiety disorders, there are some common signs and symptoms.

Most of the time, very worried or scared;
Tension and edge;
Nervous or scared;
Irritable, excited;
You’re worried you’re crazy;
Isolated from your body;
Feeling that you may vomit.
‘Everything is going wrong’;
I can die ‘;
‘I can’t handle the way I feel’;
But I can’t pay attention to my concerns;
‘I don’t want to go out today’;
‘I can’t calm myself down’.
Sleep problems (no sleep, wake up often);
Pounding heart;
To sweat;
‘Pins and Needles’;
Stomach ache, flatulence;
Twigs, shaking focusing on problems;
Excessive thirst.

When these constantly take repetitive thoughts and feelings, we may feel overwhelmed, lose sleep, feel exhausted, and begin to avoid social situations. Some of these symptoms may also be signs and symptoms of other medical conditions, so it is best to always see your GP so that they can examine them properly.

When does anxiety become a problem?

  • Anxiety is a problem when your body reacts as if there is a danger when there is no real danger. It is a very sensitive smoke alarm system in your body.
  • Anxiety problems are common. One in four adults will have anxiety disease in their lifetime.

What are the types of anxiety disorders?

Mental health disorders including:-
Generalized anxiety disorder;
Social phobia;
Specific fear;
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD);
Panic disorder;
Separation anxiety disorder;
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Other types of disorders include:-
Substance/drug-induced anxiety disorder;
Anxiety disorder due to a medical condition.

It is important to seek help to manage severe anxiety. There are many effective remedies for anxiety, and you may feel better.

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1. Panic Disorder (without AGORAPHOBIA)

A panic attack suddenly appears (such as shaking, sweating, heart pulsation), which is followed by another panic attack for at least a month. Agoraphobia can occur by panic attacks when someone persists or ends – with marked distress – specific states. Such as living outside the house alone, getting crowded or standing in a row.

2. Specific phobia

A specific phobia includes a “fear and persistent fear of clearly understood, marked objects or situations”. There are five subtypes of specific phobias:

Animal types:- such as fear of mice or spiders;
Natural environmental types:- such as fear of storm or elevation;
Blood-injection-injury types:- such as fear of seeing blood or receiving injections;
Situational types:- such as fear of public transport, elevators or enclosed spaces;
Other types:- such as fear of choking or vomiting.

3. Social phobia

A social phobia includes “a marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations that may be lead to embarrassment”. Fear may be associated with most social situations related to public performance or social interaction, such as attending small groups, meeting strangers, dating, or playing sports.

4. Obsessive-compulsive disorder

This includes recurrent inclinations or passions that are too severe to induce significant loss seal distress or time-consuming. Passion calls or “intrusive” thoughts, urges or pictures that come to mind repeatedly on the surface, such as concerns about contamination (eg, touching the door handle) or doubting (eg, am I Can I close the door?). Compulsions are behaviors or “rituals” that a person tries to reduce or suppress their obsessive thoughts (eg, washing hands, checking).

5. Acute stress disorder

This can happen after someone experiences, witnesses or is confronted with an incident or situations that are real or threatened with death or terrible injury or threat to the physical integrity of themselves or others. The disorder occurs within a month of the traumatic event. Distracting memories of a traumatic event creates an emotional response and creates a sense of relief to the event.

6. Post-traumatic stress disorder

PTSD involves the development of symptomatic symptoms after exposure to extreme traumatic stress. A person’s response to the event must have intense fear, helplessness, or panic. Symptoms usually begin within three months of trauma, although there may be a delay of months or years before symptoms appear. The traumatic experience repeatedly relies upon through intrusive memories, disturbing dreams, and flashbacks.

7. Generalized anxiety disorder

GAD includes extreme anxiety and anxieties, having more days than most events, for a period of at least six months, about multiple events or activities. GAD’s specialty is “difficulty controlling anxiety”.

Treatment for Anxiety disorders

Many psychological treatments – such as relaxation exercise, meditation, biofeedback and stress management – can benefit from anxiety disorders. Many people with anxiety disorders also benefit from supportive counseling or couple or family therapy. However, experts agree that the most effective form of treatment for anxiety disorders is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Medications have also been shown to be effective, and many people receive CBT and medication in combination.

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1. cognitive-behavioral therapy

CBT is a brief, problem-focused approach to treatment based on the cognitive and behavioral aspects of anxiety disorders. Typically, CBT consists of 12-15 weekly 1 hour sessions. In the initial sessions, the person with the anxiety disorder works with the therapist to understand the person’s problems. An individual’s symptoms of anxiety are assessed within a cognitive-behavioral framework, and the goals and functions of therapy are established. As therapy progresses, a person with an anxiety disorder is assigned behavioral and cognitive functions to learn skills to reduce anxiety symptoms. As symptoms improve, the physician also focuses on underlying issues that may pose a risk for “relapse”, which is used to describe the withdrawal of symptoms.

2. Medication

Research has shown that people with anxiety disorders often benefit from medications affecting various neurotransmitters, especially serotonin, norepinephrine, and GABA. Medications can help decrease symptoms of anxiety, especially when mixed with CBT.

3. Antidepressants

Antidepressants are the first medication commonly prescribed for the treatment of anxiety disorders. These drugs are safe, effective, and non-narcotic, and have not been shown to have any long-term effects. The disadvantage of antidepressants is that they usually have side effects. For most people, the side effects are mild and short-lived, an easy trade-off for the benefits of the drug. For others, the side effects may be more distressing. People often experience the side effects of an antidepressant in the first few weeks of treatment, before undergoing its benefits.

For best results, antidepressants should be taken regularly, usually once or twice each day. These and all medicines should only be taken as prescribed. Taking more or less than the prescribed dose can prevent the medicines from working, and some symptoms may worsen.

4. Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines are a group of drugs that increase the activity of the GABA neurotransmitter system. BZDS reduces anxiety and excessive excitement and makes people feel calm and calm. They also cause drowsiness, which makes it easier to fall asleep and sleep at night. BZDS is often used to treat generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. The advantage of BZDS is that it can rapidly relieve and control anxiety. BZDS most generally used to treat anxiety disorders are clonazepam (Rivotril), alprazolam (Xanax) and lorazepam (Ativan).

Common side effects:- drowsiness, fainting, dizziness and loss of balance; The effects are most severe when BZDS is combined with alcohol or with other sedatives.

5. Herbal Therapies

Over the years, many herbs have some effect on mood and mental health. Although many plants may contain active ingredients that may be somewhat effective in relieving various symptoms, their effectiveness has not been formally tested. The herbal industry is unregulated, meaning that the quality and effectiveness of herbal products are not consistent. Opposing effects are possible, as are toxic interactions by additional drugs. If you are counting herbal medicines, you should discuss this with your doctor and review the medicines that you are already taking. Some herbal products have remedial effects and are believed to reduce symptoms of anxiety.

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